New Millenium Press, Dust jacket has wrinkling, chipping and few tiny tear on the edges, dust jacket and book have some bumped corners, light discoloration and shelf wear. Edited by Otto Penzler. BZ0 - A first printing hardcover book in very good condition in very good dust jacket that is mylar protected. Dust jacket has some scattered scuffing, dust jacket and book have some bumped corners and light shelf wear. Oxford University Press, Contributing editors Sue Grafton and Jeffery Deaver.
Stories by Dorothy L. The Reader's Digest Association, Inc. Book has some cover edgewear, dust jacket and book have some bumped corners, light discoloration and shelf wear. AO5 - A first edition hardcover book in very good condition in very good dust jacket that is mylar protected. Book has previous owner's inscription written on the front free endpaper, dust jacket and book have some bumped corners, light discoloration and shelf wear. Breen, Morris Hershman, Gary A. Paul Wilson and Sara Paretsky in very good condition in very good dust jacket that is mylar protected.
Dust jacket has wrinkling and crease on the edges, some crease on the flaps, scattered scratches and rubbing, light discoloration and shelf wear. Book has some bumped corners, some light stains on the page edges and endpapers, light discoloration and shelf wear. Twenty-Three Tales of Love and Hate. Dust jacket has wrinkling, chipping, crease, and some tiny tears on the edges, corners, and some sides, light discoloration and shelf wear.
Book has some stains on the page edges, light discoloration and shelf wear. Great noir fiction from the '40s to the '90s. Randisi, Marcia Muller, F. What makes Biblio different? Sign In Register Help Cart 0. Want to know when Bookmarc's adds new books to this category? Two of the Deadliest: Death Do Us Part: Greenberg Edited by New York: Edited by New York: Advanced Book Search Browse by Subject.
Find Rare Books Book Value. Sign up to receive offers and updates: It held power until after passage in the mids of national civil rights legislation enforcing constitutional rights of all citizens. Although Texas was essentially a one-party state during this time and the Democratic primary was viewed as "the real election," the Democratic Party had conservative and liberal factions, which became more pronounced after the New Deal.
The state's conservative white voters began to support Republican presidential candidates by the midth century. After this period, they supported Republicans for local and state offices as well, and most whites became Republican Party members. The shift to the Republican Party is much-attributed to the fact the Democratic Party became increasingly liberal during the 20th century, and thus increasingly out-of-touch with the average Texas voter. Despite these efforts, the legislature passed a map heavily in favor of Republicans, based on data and ignoring the estimated nearly one million new residents in the state since that date.
Career attorneys and analysts at the Department of Justice objected to the plan as diluting the votes of African American and Hispanic voters, but political appointees overrode them and approved it. Perry , but the court ruled in favor of the state and Republicans. In the Texas elections , the Tea Party movement made large gains, with numerous Tea Party favorites being elected into office, including Dan Patrick as lieutenant governor,   Ken Paxton as attorney general,   in addition to numerous other candidates  including conservative Republican Greg Abbott as governor.
Texas voters lean toward fiscal conservatism , while enjoying the benefits of huge federal investment in the state in military and other facilities achieved by the power of the Solid South in the 20th century. They also tend to have socially conservative values. Since , most Texas voters have supported Republican presidential candidates. In and , Republican George W. Bush won Texas with John McCain won the state in , but with a smaller margin of victory compared to Bush at 55 percent of the vote. Austin, Dallas, Houston, and San Antonio consistently lean Democratic in both local and statewide elections.
Residents of counties along the Rio Grande closer to the Mexico-United States border , where there are many Latino residents, generally vote for Democratic Party candidates, while most other rural and suburban areas of Texas have shifted to voting for Republican Party candidates. As of the general elections of , a large majority of the members of Texas's U. House delegation are Republican , along with both U. One seat is vacant. Since , Texans have not elected a Democrat to a statewide office. Texas has counties — the most nationwide. Each county runs on Commissioners' Court system consisting of four elected commissioners one from each of four precincts in the county, roughly divided according to population and a county judge elected at large from the entire county.
County government runs similar to a "weak" mayor-council system; the county judge has no veto authority, but votes along with the other commissioners. Although Texas permits cities and counties to enter "interlocal agreements" to share services, the state does not allow consolidated city-county governments, nor does it have metropolitan governments. Counties are not granted home rule status; their powers are strictly defined by state law. The state does not have townships— areas within a county are either incorporated or unincorporated.
Incorporated areas are part of a municipality. The county provides limited services to unincorporated areas and to some smaller incorporated areas. Municipalities are classified either "general law" cities or "home rule". Texas also permits the creation of "special districts", which provide limited services.
The most common is the school district , but can also include hospital districts, community college districts, and utility districts one utility district near Austin was the plaintiff in a landmark Supreme Court case involving the Voting Rights Act. Municipal, school district, and special district elections are nonpartisan ,  though the party affiliation of a candidate may be well-known.
County and state elections are partisan.
Texas has a reputation of very harsh criminal punishment for criminal offenses. Texas's large population, abundance of natural resources, thriving cities and leading centers of higher education have contributed to a large and diverse economy. Since oil was discovered, the state's economy has reflected the state of the petroleum industry. In recent times, urban centers of the state have increased in size, containing two-thirds of the population in The state's economic growth has led to urban sprawl and its associated symptoms.
As of April , the state's unemployment rate is 6. In , Site Selection Magazine ranked Texas as the most business-friendly state in the nation, in part because of the state's three-billion-dollar Texas Enterprise Fund. In , there were , millionaires in Texas, constituting the second-largest population of millionaires in the nation. Texas has a "low taxes, low services" reputation.
Instead, the state collects revenue from property taxes though these are collected at the county, city, and school district level; Texas has a state constitutional prohibition against a state property tax and sales taxes. The state sales tax rate is 6. Texas has the most farms and the highest acreage in the United States. The state is ranked No. It is ranked No. Texas leads the nation in the production of cattle, horses, sheep, goats, wool, mohair and hay. With mineral resources, Texas leads in creating cement, crushed stone, lime, salt, sand and gravel.
Texas throughout the 21st century has been hammered by drought. This has cost the state billions of dollars in livestock and crops. Ever since the discovery of oil at Spindletop , energy has been a dominant force politically and economically within the state. The Railroad Commission of Texas , contrary to its name, regulates the state's oil and gas industry , gas utilities, pipeline safety, safety in the liquefied petroleum gas industry, and surface coal and uranium mining.
Until the s, the commission controlled the price of petroleum because of its ability to regulate Texas's oil reserves. According to the Energy Information Administration , Texans consume, on average, the fifth most energy of all types in the nation per capita and as a whole, following behind Wyoming, Alaska, Louisiana, North Dakota, and Iowa. Unlike the rest of the nation, most of Texas is on its own alternating current power grid , the Texas Interconnection.
Texas has a deregulated electric service. The state is a leader in renewable energy commercialization ; it produces the most wind power in the nation. The state also has the highest solar power potential for development in the nation. With large universities systems coupled with initiatives like the Texas Enterprise Fund and the Texas Emerging Technology Fund , a wide array of different high tech industries have developed in Texas. Texas has the headquarters of many high technology companies, such as Dell , Inc. Texas's affluence stimulates a strong commercial sector consisting of retail, wholesale, banking and insurance, and construction industries.
As of , the state had 3. Texas from to had the fastest growing illegal immigration rate in the nation. This was the fifth highest percentage of any state in the country. Texas's Rio Grande Valley has seen significant migration from across the U. During the crisis , many Central Americans , including unaccompanied minors traveling alone from Guatemala , Honduras , and El Salvador , reached the state, overwhelming Border Patrol resources for a time.
Many sought asylum in the United States. In , the U. Department of Homeland Security estimated 1. Texas's population density is In contrast, while Texas and France are similarly sized geographically, the European country has a population density of Two-thirds of all Texans live in a major metropolitan area such as Houston. While Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth largest city in the United States, the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area is larger than Houston.
As of the Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the state was 27,,; non-Hispanic whites 11,, According to the United States census , the racial composition of Texas was the following: As of , German Americans make up Irish Americans make up 8. There are roughly , French Americans and , Italian Americans residing in Texas; these two ethnic groups make up 2.
In the United States Census the largest ancestry group reported in Texas was English with 3,, Texans citing they were of English or mostly English ancestry making them 27 percent of the state at the time. African Americans are the largest racial minority in Texas. Their proportion of population has declined since the early 20th century, after many left the state in the Great Migration. Blacks of both Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin make up African Americans of both Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin number at roughly 2. Native Americans are a smaller minority in the state.
Native Americans make up 0. Native Americans of non-Hispanic origin make up 0. Cherokee made up 0. In contrast, only identified as Chippewa. Asian Americans are a sizable minority group in Texas. Americans of Asian descent form 3. They total more than , individuals. Non-Hispanic Asians number over , Just over , Indian Americans make Texas their home. Texas is also home to over , Vietnamese and , Chinese. In addition to 92, Filipinos and 62, Koreans , there are 18, Japanese Americans living in the state.
Lastly, over , people are of other Asian ancestry groups, such as Cambodian , Thai , and Hmong. Sugar Land , a city within the Houston metropolitan area, and Plano , within the Dallas metropolitan area, both have high concentrations of ethnic Chinese and Korean residents. The Houston and Dallas areas, and to a lesser extent, the Austin metropolitan area, all contain substantial Vietnamese communities. Americans with origins from the Pacific are the smallest minority in Texas. According to the survey, only 18, Texans are Pacific Islanders; 16, are of non-Hispanic descent.
There are roughly 5, Native Hawaiians , 5, Guamanians, and 6, people from other groups. Samoan Americans were scant; only 2, people were from this group. The city of Euless , a suburb of Fort Worth , contains a sizable population of Tongan Americans , at nearly people, over one percent of the city's population. Killeen has a sufficient population of Samoans and Guamanian, and people of Pacific Islander descent surpass one percent of the city's population.
Multiracial individuals are also a visible minority in Texas. People identifying as multiracial form 1. Almost 80, Texans claim African and European heritage, and make up 0. People of European and Native American heritage number over , close to the number of Native Americans , and make up 0. People of European and Asian heritage number over 57,, and form just 0.
People of African and Native American heritage were even smaller in number 15, , and make up just 0. This group forms over 37 percent of Texas's population. People of Mexican descent alone number over 7. There are over , Salvadorans and over , Puerto Ricans in Texas. Other groups with large numbers in Texas include Hondurans , Guatemalans , Nicaraguans and Cubans , among others. Census, Texas is home to 6,, White Hispanics and 2,, Hispanics of "some other race" usually mestizo. German descendants inhabit much of central and southeast-central Texas.
Over one-third of Texas residents are of Hispanic origin; while many have recently arrived, some Tejanos have ancestors with multi-generational ties to 18th century Texas. In addition to the descendants of the state's former slave population, many African American college graduates have come to the state for work recently in the New Great Migration.
Three federally recognized Native American tribes reside in Texas: In , 49 percent of all births were Hispanics; 35 percent were non-Hispanic whites; Between and , the total population growth by The state has three cities with populations exceeding one million: Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas. As of , six Texas cities had populations greater than , people. Texas has four metropolitan areas with populations greater than a million: The Dallas—Fort Worth and Houston metropolitan areas number about 6.
Texas has counties , which is more than any other state by 95 Georgia. In contrast to the cities, unincorporated rural settlements known as colonias often lack basic infrastructure and are marked by poverty. Hidalgo County , as of , has the largest number of colonias. The most common accent or dialect spoken by natives throughout Texas is sometimes referred to as Texan English , which itself is a sub-variety of a broader category of American English known as Southern American English. Chicano English —due to a growing Hispanic population—is widespread in South Texas, while African-American English is especially notable in historically minority areas of urban Texas.
Other languages spoken include German including Texas German by 0. The largest denominations by number of adherents in were the Roman Catholic Church 4,, ; the Southern Baptist Convention 3,, ; the United Methodist Church with 1,, ; and Islam , Known as the buckle of the Bible Belt , East Texas is socially conservative.
Lakewood Church in Houston, boasts the largest attendance in the nation averaging more than 43, weekly. Adherents of many other religions reside predominantly in the urban centers of Texas. In , the Islamic population was about , with more recent figures putting the current number of Muslims between , and , Adding to Texas's traditional culture, established in the 18th and 19th centuries, immigration has made Texas a melting pot of cultures from around the world. Texas has made a strong mark on national and international pop culture. The entire state is strongly associated with the image of the cowboy shown in westerns and in country western music.
The state's numerous oil tycoons are also a popular pop culture topic as seen in the hit TV series Dallas. The internationally known slogan " Don't Mess with Texas " began as an anti-littering advertisement. Since the campaign's inception in , the phrase has become "an identity statement, a declaration of Texas swagger". The phrase "everything is bigger in Texas" has been in regular use since at least ;  and was used as early as Houston is one of only five American cities with permanent professional resident companies in all of the major performing arts disciplines: The Deep Ellum district within Dallas became popular during the s and s as the prime jazz and blues hotspot in the Southern United States.
The second president of the Republic of Texas , Mirabeau B. Lamar , is the Father of Texas Education. During his term, the state set aside three leagues of land in each county for equipping public schools. An additional 50 leagues of land set aside for the support of two universities would later become the basis of the state's Permanent University Fund. Texas has over 1, school districts ; all districts except the Stafford Municipal School District are independent from municipal government and many cross city boundaries. Due to court-mandated equitable school financing for school districts, the state has a controversial tax redistribution system called the " Robin Hood plan ".
This plan transfers property tax revenue from wealthy school districts to poor ones. Although unusual in the West, school corporal punishment is not uncommon in more conservative areas of the state, with 28, public school students  paddled at least one time, according to government data for the — school year. Texas's controversial alternative affirmative action plan, Texas House Bill , guarantees Texas students who graduated in the top 10 percent of their high school class automatic admission to state-funded universities. The bill encourages demographic diversity while avoiding problems stemming from the Hopwood v.
Thirty-six 36 separate and distinct public universities exist in Texas, of which 32 belong to one of the six state university systems. The four other university systems: The state has been putting effort to expand the number of flagship universities by elevating some of its seven institutions designated as "emerging research universities". The two expected to emerge first are the University of Houston and Texas Tech University, likely in that order according to discussions on the House floor of the 82nd Texas Legislature.
The state is home to various private institutions of higher learning—ranging from liberal arts colleges to a nationally recognized top-tier research university. Rice University in Houston is one of the leading teaching and research universities of the United States and is ranked the nation's 17th-best overall university by U. Universities in Texas host three presidential libraries: Notwithstanding the concentration of elite medical centers in the state, The Commonwealth Fund ranks the Texas healthcare system the third worst in the nation. The Trust for America's Health ranked Texas 15th highest in adult obesity , with Texas has the highest maternal mortality rate in the developed world, and the rate by which Texas women died from pregnancy related complications doubled from to , to A rate unmatched in any other U.
Texas has many elite research medical centers. The state has nine medical schools ,  three dental schools,  and two optometry schools. The Texas Medical Center in Houston, holds the world's largest concentration of research and healthcare institutions, with 47 member institutions. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston is a highly regarded academic institution that centers around cancer patient care, research, education and prevention. The Southwestern Medical Center ranks "among the top academic medical centers in the world".
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Texans have historically had difficulties traversing Texas due to the state's large size and rough terrain. Texas has compensated by building both America's largest highway and railway systems in length. The regulatory authority , the Texas Department of Transportation TxDOT maintains the state's immense highway system, regulates aviation,  and public transportation systems. Located centrally in North America, the state is an important transportation hub. The first Texas freeway was the Gulf Freeway opened in in Houston. Texas has airports, second-most of any state in the nation.
It ranks as the largest airline in the United States by number of passengers carried domestically per year and the largest airline in the world by number of passengers carried. It served as the largest hub for the former Continental Airlines , which was based in Houston; it serves as the largest hub for United Airlines , the world's third-largest airline, by passenger-miles flown. The smallest airport in the state to be designated an international airport is Del Rio International Airport. Atlantic seaboard with the Gulf section of the Intracoastal Waterway.
Part of the state's tradition of cowboys is derived from the massive cattle drives which its ranchers organized in the nineteenth century to drive livestock to railroads and markets in Kansas, for shipment to the East. Towns along the way, such as Baxter Springs , the first cow town in Kansas, developed to handle the seasonal workers and tens of thousands of head of cattle being driven. This caused a decline in the economies of the cow towns.
Since , Texas has led the nation in length of railroad miles within the state. Both Dallas and Houston feature light rail systems. Amtrak provides Texas with limited intercity passenger rail service. Three scheduled routes serve the state: Port of Houston along the Houston Ship Channel. While American football has long been considered "king" in the state, Texans enjoy a wide variety of sports. Texans can cheer for a plethora of professional sports teams.
The Dallas — Fort Worth Metroplex is one of only twelve American metropolitan areas that hosts sports teams from all the "Big Four" professional leagues. Collegiate athletics have deep significance in Texas culture, especially football. Four of the state's schools claim at least one national championship in football: Events organized by UIL include contests in athletics the most popular being high school football as well as artistic and academic subjects. Texans also enjoy the rodeo. The world's first rodeo was hosted in Pecos, Texas.
It begins with trail rides that begin from several points throughout the state that convene at Reliant Park. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Texas disambiguation. Part of a series on the.
Molleda, Legend of the Gatorman
Texas Revolution and Republic of Texas. Texas annexation and Mexican—American War. Texas in the American Civil War. List of Texas state agencies. Political party strength in Texas. List of Texas counties. Texas locations by per capita income. Deregulation of the Texas electricity market. Largest cities or towns in Texas Source: List of people from Texas and List of Texas symbols. List of colleges and universities in Texas.
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