An uprising in Baluchistan began after Pakistan invaded and occupied the territory in Various NGOs have reported human rights violations in committed by Pakistani armed forces. Approximately 18, Baluch residents are reportedly missing and about have been killed. Brahamdagh Bugti , leader of the Baloch Republican Party , stated in a interview that he would accept aid from India, Afghanistan, and Iran in defending Baluchistan against Pakistani aggression.
The conflict in northern Mali began in January with radical Islamists affiliated to al-Qaeda advancing into northern Mali. The Malian government had a hard time maintaining full control over their country. The fledgling government requested support from the international community on combating the Islamic militants. In January , France intervened on behalf of the Malian government's request and deployed troops into the region. They launched Operation Serval on 11 January , with the hopes of dislodging the al-Qaeda affiliated groups from northern Mali.
OEF-HOA instead focuses its efforts to disrupt and detect militant activities in the region and to work with willing governments to prevent the reemergence of militant cells and activities. The primary goal of the coalition forces is to monitor, inspect, board and stop suspected shipments from entering the Horn of Africa region and affecting the United States' Operation Iraqi Freedom. Included in the operation is the training of selected armed forces units of the countries of Djibouti, Kenya and Ethiopia in counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency tactics.
Humanitarian efforts conducted by CJTF-HOA include rebuilding of schools and medical clinics and providing medical services to those countries whose forces are being trained. However, the War on Terror does not include Sudan, where over , have died in an ongoing civil war. On 1 July , a Web-posted message purportedly written by Osama bin Laden urged Somalis to build an Islamic state in the country and warned western governments that the al-Qaeda network would fight against them if they intervened there. Somalia has been considered a " failed state " because its official central government was weak, dominated by warlords and unable to exert effective control over the country.
Beginning in mid, the Islamic Courts Union ICU , an Islamist faction campaigning on a restoration of "law and order" through Sharia law, had rapidly taken control of much of southern Somalia. On 14 December , the U. On 20 December , the Islamic Courts Union launched an offensive on the government stronghold of Baidoa and saw early gains before Ethiopia intervened for the government.
The Prime Minister of Somalia claimed that three "terror suspects" from the United States embassy bombings are being sheltered in Kismayo. On 8 January , the U. On 14 September , U. Special Forces killed two men and wounded and captured two others near the Somali village of Baarawe.
Witnesses claim that helicopters used for the operation launched from French-flagged warships, but that could not be confirmed. A Somali-based al-Qaida affiliated group, the Al-Shabaab , has verified the death of "sheik commander" Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan along with an unspecified number of militants.
The goal of the program was to provide medical care and services to the region of Basilan as part of a "Hearts and Minds" program. The United States has also conducted a series of military strikes on al-Qaeda militants in Yemen since the War on Terror began. Al-Qaeda has a strong presence in the country. Israel has been fighting terrorist groups such Hezbollah , Hamas , and Islamic Jihad, who are all Iran's proxies aimed at Iran's objective to destroy Israel.
According to the Clarion Project: President [George W Bush] said that Israel's war on terrorist group Hezbollah was part of war on terror. Saudi Arabia witnessed multiple terror attacks from different groups such as Al-Qaeda, whose leader, Osama Bin Laden, declared war on the Saudi government.
On June 16, , the Khobar Towers bombing killed 19 U. It said there are "signs" that Al-Qaeda also played a role. On 19 March , a multi-state coalition began a military action in Libya, ostensibly to implement United Nations Security Council Resolution The United Nations Intent and Voting was to have "an immediate ceasefire in Libya, including an end to the current attacks against civilians, which it said might constitute crimes against humanity" The effort was initially largely led by France and the United Kingdom, with command shared with the United States.
An attempt to unify the military leadership of the air campaign while keeping political and strategic control with a small group , first failed over objections by the French, German, and Turkish governments. Libya's new government requested its mission to be extended to the end of the year,  but on 27 October, the Security Council voted to end NATO's mandate for military action on 31 October.
Taking advantage of a power vacuum in the center of the country, far from the major cities of Tripoli and Benghazi, ISIS expanded rapidly over the next 18 months. ISIS seized control of the coastal city of Sirte in early and then began to expand to the east and south. By the beginning of , it had effective control of to miles of coastline and portions of the interior and had reached Eastern Libya's major population center, Benghazi.
However, the indigenous rebel groups who had staked their claims to Libya and turned their weapons on ISIS — with the help of airstrikes by Western forces, including U. Militias loyal to the new Libyan unity government, plus a separate and rival force loyal to a former officer in the Qaddafi regime, launched an assault on ISIS outposts in Sirte and the surrounding areas that lasted for months. In August , the U. It operates in the Mediterranean and is designed to prevent the movement of militants or weapons of mass destruction and to enhance the security of shipping in general.
In a 'Letter to American People' written by Osama bin Laden in , he stated that one of the reasons he was fighting America is because of its support of India on the Kashmir issue. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld suggested that Al-Qaeda was active in Kashmir, though he did not have any hard evidence. Fazlur Rehman Khalil, the leader of the Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, signed al-Qaeda's declaration of holy war, which called on Muslims to attack all Americans and their allies. Defense Secretary Robert Gates stated that Al-Qaeda was seeking to destabilize the region and planning to provoke a nuclear war between India and Pakistan.
In September , a U. In October , the U. The troops' primary missions will revolve around providing intelligence support to local forces as well as conducting reconnaissance flights. The invasion of Afghanistan is seen to have been the first action of this war, and initially involved forces from the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Afghan Northern Alliance. Since the initial invasion period, these forces were augmented by troops and aircraft from Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand and Norway amongst others.
In , there were about 33, troops in Afghanistan.
Civil War Biological Warfare
In the following months, NATO took a broad range of measures to respond to the threat of terrorism. Support for the U. Even so, many of the "coalition of the willing" countries that unconditionally supported the U. Whereas countries like Pakistan have suffered hundreds of attacks killing tens of thousands and displacing much more.
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Various government bureaucracies that handled security and military functions were reorganized. A new cabinet-level agency called the United States Department of Homeland Security was created in November to lead and coordinate the largest reorganization of the U.
The USA PATRIOT Act of October dramatically reduces restrictions on law enforcement agencies' ability to search telephone, e-mail communications, medical, financial, and other records; eases restrictions on foreign intelligence gathering within the United States; expands the Secretary of the Treasury 's authority to regulate financial transactions, particularly those involving foreign individuals and entities; and broadens the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting immigrants suspected of terrorism-related acts.
The act also expanded the definition of terrorism to include domestic terrorism, thus enlarging the number of activities to which the USA PATRIOT Act's expanded law enforcement powers could be applied. A new Terrorist Finance Tracking Program monitored the movements of terrorists' financial resources discontinued after being revealed by The New York Times. Global telecommunication usage, including those with no links to terrorism,  is being collected and monitored through the NSA electronic surveillance program.
The Patriot Act is still in effect. Political interest groups have stated that these laws remove important restrictions on governmental authority, and are a dangerous encroachment on civil liberties, possible unconstitutional violations of the Fourth Amendment. On 30 July , the American Civil Liberties Union ACLU filed the first legal challenge against Section of the Patriot Act, claiming that it allows the FBI to violate a citizen's First Amendment rights, Fourth Amendment rights, and right to due process , by granting the government the right to search a person's business, bookstore, and library records in a terrorist investigation, without disclosing to the individual that records were being searched.
This program, facing criticism, has since been defunded by Congress. By , 12 major conventions and protocols were designed to combat terrorism. These were adopted and ratified by many states. These conventions require states to co-operate on principal issues regarding unlawful seizure of aircraft, the physical protection of nuclear materials, and the freezing of assets of militant networks.
War on terrorism
In , the UN Security Council adopted Resolution concerning incitement to commit acts of terrorism and the obligations of countries to comply with international human rights laws. Senate,  by a vote of 60—38, on 13 March and it was signed into law on 3 August by President Bush. It became Public Law In July , U. Senate passed a resolution urging that the Haqqani Network be designated a foreign terrorist organization.
For example, vigilant passengers aboard a transatlantic flight prevented Richard Reid , in , and Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab , in , from detonating an explosive device. Other terrorist plots have been stopped by federal agencies using new legal powers and investigative tools, sometimes in cooperation with foreign governments.
The Obama administration has promised the closing of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp , increased the number of troops in Afghanistan , and promised the withdrawal of its forces from Iraq. According to Joshua Goldstein, an international relations professor at the American University , The Global War on Terror has seen fewer war deaths than any other decade in the past century.
There is no widely agreed on figure for the number of people that have been killed so far in the War on Terror as it has been defined by the Bush Administration to include the war in Afghanistan, the war in Iraq, and operations elsewhere. Total American casualties from the War on Terror this includes fighting throughout the world: On December 7, , the Washington Post reported that since , in five theaters of the war Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Syria and Somalia that the total number of terrorists killed ranges from 65, to 88,, with the Obama administration being responsible for between 30, and 33, According to the Soufan Group in July , the U.
Criticism of the War on Terror addressed the issues, morality, efficiency, economics, and other questions surrounding the War on Terror and made against the phrase itself, calling it a misnomer. It is argued that the term war is not appropriate in this context as in War on Drugs since there is no identifiable enemy and that it is unlikely international terrorism can be brought to an end by military means.
Other critics, such as Francis Fukuyama , note that " terrorism " is not an enemy, but a tactic; calling it a "war on terror", obscures differences between conflicts such as anti-occupation insurgents and international mujahideen. With a military presence in Iraq and Afghanistan and its associated collateral damage, Shirley Williams maintains this increases resentment and terrorist threats against the West.
In the s, China has also been engaged in its own War on Terror, predominantly a domestic campaign in response to violent actions by Uighur separatist movements in the Xinjiang conflict. Russia has also been engaged on its own, also largely internally focused, counter-terrorism campaign often termed a war on terror, during the Second Chechen War , the Insurgency in the North Caucasus , and the Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 17 September This article is about the international military campaign. For other uses, see War on Terror disambiguation. International military campaign that started after 11 September Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. East Turkestan Islamic Movement. This section needs to be updated.
War on Terror
Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Terrorism and List of terrorist incidents. Other allies involved in major operations. War in Afghanistan — War in Afghanistan —present and List of military operations in the war in Afghanistan — International Security Assistance Force.
Iraq War and the War on Terror. Pakistan's role in the War on Terror. Operation Enduring Freedom — Trans Sahara. Operation Enduring Freedom — Horn of Africa. Operation Enduring Freedom — Philippines. Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen and Drone strikes in Yemen. List of terrorist incidents in Saudi Arabia.
Coalition combat operations in Afghanistan in and Afghan War order of battle Detentions following the September 11 attacks and Aftermath of the September 11 attacks. Casualties of the Iraq War. Civilian casualties of the War in Afghanistan —present. Drone attacks in Pakistan and Terrorism in Pakistan. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. Criticism of the War on Terror.
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Civil War Counter-Terrorism - HISTORY
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Archived from the original on 17 March Captured man says he's al Qaeda brass". Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Law-enforcement agencies and military forces around the globe were enlarged and adapted to fight terror—literally and with no….
September 11 attacks , series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed in by 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda against targets in the United States, the deadliest terrorist attacks on American soil in U. The attacks against New York City and…. The Cold War was waged on political, economic, and propaganda fronts and had only limited recourse to weapons. The term was first used by the…. Human rights , rights that belong to an individual or group of individuals simply for being human, or as a consequence of inherent human vulnerability, or because they are requisite to the possibility of a just society.
Whatever their theoretical justification, human rights refer to a wide continuum of values or…. International law , the body of legal rules, norms, and standards that apply between sovereign states and other entities that are legally recognized as international actors. The term was coined by the English philosopher Jeremy Bentham — More About War on terrorism 1 reference found in Britannica articles Assorted References guerrilla warfare In guerrilla warfare: Help us improve this article!
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